A Bibliography of How Big Tech and Silicon Valley work with the National Security State to influence and control public opinion through internet psychological operations

Youssef El-Gingihy
2 min readOct 8, 2022

Booth, R. (2014) Facebook reveals news feed experiment to control emotions, The Guardian, 30/6/14. Accessed 4/8/17 at https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/jun/29/facebook-users-emotions- news-feeds

Briant, E. (2014) Propaganda and Counter-Terrorism: Strategies for Global Change. Oxford University Press

Cadwalladr, C. (2017) The Great British Brexit Robbery, How our Democracy was Hijacked, The Observer,7/5/17.Accessed 24/6/17 at https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/may/07/the- great-british-brexit-robbery-hijacked-democracy

Fang, L. (2016) The CIA is investing in firms that mine your tweets and Instagram photos, The Intercept, 14/4/16. Accessed 5/8/17 at https://theintercept.com/2016/04/14/in-undisclosed-cia- investments-social-media-mining-looms-large

Greenberg, A. (2013) How A ‘Deviant’ Philosopher Built Palantir, a CIA-funded Data-Mining Juggernaut, Forbes magazine, 2/9/13. Accessed 12/6/17 at https://www.forbes.com/sites/andygreenberg/2013/08/14/agent-of-intelligence-how-a-deviant- philosopher-built-palantir-a-cia-funded-data-mining-juggernaut/#13cbb0f27785

Greenwald, G. (2014) The “Cuban Twitter” Scam is a Drop in the Internet Propaganda Bucket, The Intercept, 4/4/14. Accessed 5/8/17 at https://theintercept.com/2014/04/04/cuban-twitter-scam-social- media-tool-disseminating-government-propaganda

Greenwald, G. (2014) How covert agents infiltrate the Internet to manipulate, deceive and destroy reputations, The Intercept, 24/2/14. Accessed 5/8/17 at https://theintercept.com/2014/02/24/jtrig- manipulation

Hudson, A. (2014) How Google and the Big Tech Companies Are Helping Maintain America’s Empire, Alternet, 19/8/14 Accessed 1/8/17 at http://www.alternet.org/news-amp-politics/how-google- and-big-tech-companies-are-helping-maintain-americas-empire

Lapowsky, I. & Newman, L.H. (2017) Wikileaks CIA Dump gives Russian hacking deniers perfect ammo, Wired, 3/7/17. Accessed 28/7/17 at https://www.wired.com/2017/03/wikileaks-cia-dump- gives-russian-hacking-deniers-perfect-ammo

Quinn, B. & Ball, J. (2014) US military studied how to influence Twitter users in Darpa-funded research, The Guardian, 8/7/14. Accessed 4/8/17 at https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jul/08/darpa-social-networks-research-twitter-influence- studies

Rockhill, G. (2017). The CIA reads French theory: on the intellectual labor of dismantling the cultural left, Los Angeles Review of Books, 27/2/17. Accessed 10/8/17 at http://thephilosophicalsalon.com/the-cia-reads-french-theory-on-the-intellectual-labor-of-dismantling- the-cultural-left